Tube Forming

A reliable source for Tube Fabrication information and leading Tube Fabrication Companies

Tube forming processes are often difficult to separate from tube fabricating processes, since fabrication processes are essentially secondary operations that shape, bend, enlarge and cut tubes. Read More…

Tube Forming Tube forming can refer to several processes that are used to form raw metal materials into tubes.

Leading Manufacturers

Apple Valley, CA  |  760-948-4220

As tube fabrication experts, we can solve your fabrication problems with ease! We take our product quality seriously, as we started our company sourcing tube products for the Apollo project. Our company goal is to satisfy customers by offering high quality products, outstanding customer service, and affordable prices. Visit us online today to learn more!

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Tube Bending Incorporated $$$

New Berlin, WI  |  262-649-3807

Founded in 1990, Sharpe Products is an ISO 9001:2015 certified company specializing in industrial and commercial pipe and tube bending, laser cutting, end-forming or other custom fabrication services. in addition, we offer a robust line of architectural handrail fittings and accessories such as brackets, connectors, disks, end-caps, flanges, newel caps and spheres.

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Sharpe Products $$$

East Palestine, OH  |  800-496-1364

Unity Tube provides custom bending, coiling and fabrication services. From single piece prototypes to high volume production, we can do it all. Besides manufacturing helically wound finned tubing with a range of fit-to-tube attachment methods, we also offer precise tube forming and have the capabilities to design, cut, drill, flare, deburr, paint, finish and weld a quality product for you.

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Unity Tube, Inc. $$$

Strongsville, OH  |  440-238-6459

From design to finished product, R.M.Tool is your one stop shop for all of your tube fabrication needs. We provide custom tube fabricating and many other solutions for our clients' needs. Our capabilities include Tube Bending, Bead Rolling, Flaring, Swaging, and Ferrules. Our team strives to exceed customer expectations by always delivering quality products and services.

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R.M. Tool Inc. $$$

Chicago, IL  |  773-745-0116

AWC Industries is your one stop source for metal fabrication and finishing. Specializing in tube fabrication and finishing as well as sheet metal and wire processes, our experienced engineers provide the quality craftsmanship you deserve using state of the art CNC machining. AWC we believe that outstanding customer service has and will always be the key to our continuing success.

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AWC Industries $$$

Portland, OR  |  800-503-5060

AMPCO provides quality custom tube and pipe bending services with seamless and wrinkle-free bends, as well as multiple bends and compound tooling. Our machines and technicians can handle tube diameters from 5/8” to 8” so call us today if you need one or 1,000 parts, and we’ll go to work for you.

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American Metal Products $$$
placeholder image Tube Bending Incorporated Sharpe Products Unity Tube, Inc. R.M. Tool Inc. AWC Industries American Metal Products

The different tube forming processes are often intermixed and both can be essential to creating the desired tube. For example, tube rolling is technically a tube forming process because it produces tubular parts through heat curing materials that have been wrapped around a circular mold.

Tube swaging, on the other hand, is technically a form of tube fabricating because it is used to reduce or increase the diameter of tubes rather than change the actual tube formation. However, both of these processes can and often do fall under the heading of tube fabrication. Tube forming processes are essential to many industries, as tubes are used in a wide range of diverse applications.

Some examples include: industrial manufacturing, for parts such as heating elements, hydraulic cylinders and heat exchangers; marine and naval, for masts, telescopes and launcher tubes; architecture and construction, for steel handrails, grab bars and floor flanges; and automotive for fuel lines, exhaust pipes and other power transmission applications.

Although there are numerous tube forming processes, there are two that are considered to be the most common: tube rolling and tube extrusion. As one of the two main processes in which raw materials are used to form a tube, tube rolling involves three main steps: cutting pre-impregnated materials and rolling them around a mold or mandrel; wrapping the mandrel in a sleeve or film to eliminate retained air; and heat-curing, after which the mandrel can be removed from the formed hollow tube. The other main process is through extrusion, which is more complex.

In order to begin extrusion, a round metal billet is pressed by a ram through a die, which is a hollow profile that shapes the metal into a specific extruded shape as the billet is squeezed through. Tube forming often requires high temperatures. Hot extrusion is the process in which the metal is fully plasticized by heat; this is often performed in a vacuum in order to avoid oxidation. The metal can be extruded through the die using two different methods of extrusion: indirect extrusion and direct extrusion.

In direct extrusion, the die is held stationary while the ram pushes the metal billet through the die opening. In indirect extrusion, the die is held stationary as the hollow ram moves into the stationary billet from one end, forcing the metal to flow through the die. After the metal tubing has been extruded, it is straightened by a stretcher into the desired length of tube.

Tube Forming Informational Video